A L C
state to maintain itself. Thus the colonists lived
for some years, and in time the productions in
which their commerce consisted, increased to such
a degree as to have caused them to excel all the
other English colonies,
ALUEMAur.E, another county or part of Vir-
ginia, washed by the river Fluvana on the s.
which divides itself into several branches, and
adds much to the fertility of the country. It is
bounded e. by the county of Goochland, w. divided
by a chain of mountains of Augusta, and by that
of Louisa on the «. [It contains 12,585 inha-
bitants, including 5579 slaves. Its extent, about
S5 miles square.]
Albemarle, a strait, which is the mouth or
entrance into the sea of the river Roanoke.
[ALBION, New, the name given by Sir
Francis Drake to California, and part of the n. w.
coast of America, when he took possession of it.
A large uncertain tract of the n. w, coast is thus
called. Its limits, according to Mr. Arrow-
smith’s chart, are between 27° 12' and 41° 15'
71. lat. Humboldt asserts, that, agreeably to sure
historical data, the denomination of New Albion
ought to be limited to that part of the coast which
extends from the 43° to the 48°, or from Cape
White of Martin de x\guilar, to the entrance of
Juan de Fuea. Besides, he adds, from the mis-
sions of the Catholic priests to those of the Greek
priests, that is to say, from the Spanish village of
San Francisco, in New California, to the Russian
establishments on Cook river at Prince William’s
bay', and to the islands of Kodiac and Unalaska,
there are more than a thousand leagues of coast
inhabited by' free men, and stocked with otters and
Phocre! Consequently, the discussions on the
extent of the New Albion of Drake, and the pre-
tended rights acquired by certain European na-
tions, from planting small crosses, and leaving
inscriptions fastened to trunks of trees, or the
burying of bottles, may be considered as futile.
The part of the coast on which Capt. Cook landed
on the 7th of March 1778, and which some desig-
nate as Nezo Albion, is in n. lat. 44° 33'. e. long.
235° 10', which he thus describes : “ The land
is lull of mountains, the tops of w hich are covered
with snow, while the vallies between them, and
the grounds on the sea-coast, high as well as low,
are covered with trees, which form a beautiful
prospect, as of one vast forest. At first the natives
seemed to prefer iron to every other article of
commerce; at last they preferred brass. They
were more tenacious of their property than any of
the savage nations that had hitherto been met
with ; so that they would not part with wood,
water, grass, nor the most trifling article without
a compensation, and were sometimes very unrea-
sonable in their demands.” See Calii^ornia,
ALBOR, a small island of the N. or Atlantic
sea, one of the Bahamas, between those of Neque
and 8. Salvador.
ALBUQUERQUE, Santa Rosa de, a settle-
ment and real of the silver mines of the alcaldia
mayor of Colotlan in Nueva Espana. It is 19
leagues s. w. of the head settlement of the district
Albuquehque, a townof New Mexico, situate
on the shore of the Rio Grande (large river) of the
N. [opposite the village of Atrisco, to the w. of
tlie Sierra Obseqra. Population 0000 souls.]
Albuquerque, a small island, or low rocks, of
the N. sea, near that of 8. Andres.
ALCA, a settlement of the province and corre-
gimienlo of Condensuyos of Arequipa in Peru.
ALCALA, a settlement of the province and
alcaldia mayor of Chiapa, and kingdom of Gua-
temala, in the division and district of that city.
ALCAMANI, a branch of the head settlement
of the district and alcaldia mayor of Igualapa in
Neuva Espana, and two leagues to the n. of the
ALCANTARA, S. Antonio de, a town of
the province and captainship of Maranam' in the
kingdom of Brazil. It luis been frequently invaded
by the infidel Indians, who destroyed its work-
shops, so that its inhabitants have been much
Alcantara, S. Antonio de, another settle-
ment in the province and district of Chanco, in
the kingdom of Chile, near the shore of the rivec
ALCARAI, a small river of the province and
government of Buenos Ayres. It runs e. and
enters the river La Plata between those of Lay-
man and Gomez.
ALCATRACES, Ishmd of the, one of those
which lie n. of St. Domingo, between the s. point
of the Caico Grande, and the Panuelo Quadrado,
ALCIIICHlCd, 8 . Martin de, a ward of
the head settlement erf the district and alcaldia
mayor of Izucar in Nueva Espana, belonging to
that of Santa Maria de la Asuncion.
ALCHIDOMAS, a settlement of the province
of the Apaches in Nuevo Mexico, situate on the
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